Formation of Andaman and Nicobar Islands

Far back in time, some 150 millions years ago, molten magma might have oozed from earth's crust along the dilated ocean floor at the foot of a submarine ridge.

The phenomenon appears to have taken a long time thus creating mid-ocean rise known to many Geologists as 'whale back tumours'. These islands with a few expectations are volcanic in orgin.

We are in fact at the tip of a risen undulating lava plateau, the core of which goes deep down beyond the ocean floor. This hypothesis is conformity with the expanding earth theory.

History of Kala Paani

The modern history of Andaman and Nicobar Islands begins with the bringing of 200 mutineers of 1857 in January, 1958. The construction of the Cellular Jail (present National Memorial) began in 1896 and was completed in 1906. In the year 1789, they first discovered the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. But due to the natural calamities, they left the island by 1796.

The second settlement was basically a penal settlement, taken up in 1858, after the First War of Independence, followed by the settlement of convicts, Moplas, some criminal tribes from Central and United Provinces, refugees from erstwhile East Pakistan, Burma and Sri Lanka as well as ex-servicemen.

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